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研究課題 > 本會簡訊 > 例會活動

2024年1月份國政聯誼會縮影
Sketch of Public Policy Communion, January 2024
責任編輯: cathy  發布日期 : 2024-02-15  點閱: 416 次     友善列印轉寄好友

  本會於2024年1月7日假台北遠東香格里拉大飯店地下一樓大都會廳舉行「祐生國政聯誼會」。由主持人黃晉英秘書長宣布後揭開當日活動序幕,在輕鬆、活潑的節目之下,隨即由主持人帶來重要訊息:「回顧2023年,全球面對氣候異變帶來更嚴重的極端災害,促使各國加速訂定溫室氣體減量策略,對於淨零碳排採取相關措施,台灣政府各部會亦共同為達成2050淨零碳排的目標而努力。面對全球暖化問題,以及天災加乘人禍,請各位隨時留意外在環境變化。另外,台灣2024總統大選將至,眾多議題被提出討論,尤其著重在兩岸關係的攻防。請各位仔細思考過後投下選票,珍惜台灣的民主自由,選擇台灣未來要走的路。」
  The January Archilife Public Policy Communion of 2024 was held on January 7, 2024. After a series of relaxing and fun activities, Secretary General Huang Chin-ying made the following announcement, "Looking back at 2023, the world has experienced more extreme catastrophic events brought on by climate change, which is pushing countries around the world to accelerate the establishment of greenhouse gas reduction strategies, as well as net-zero carbon emissions related measures. Taiwan's many government ministries have collaborated to accomplish the goal of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. In light of the issues of global warming, natural disasters, and man-made calamity, please pay attention to changes in the external environment at all times. Furthermore, with the forthcoming 2024 presidential election, numerous topics have been raised for discussion, including the attack and defense of cross-strait connections. Please think carefully before voting. Let us all value Taiwan's democratic freedom and decide the direction Taiwan will take in the future."

  緊接著進行專題演講,由國政委員劉定衢先生主講「Q-Day:量子電腦對資安的挑戰」。主講人首先解釋Q-Day指的是量子電腦能力成熟到可以輕易破解目前全球主流加密技術,也就是金鑰長度2048位元的那一天。主講人接著說明量子電腦的量子位元為疊加態,可在短時間內處理極大量的資訊。而現代密碼學包含對稱式及非對稱式,非對稱式的RSA為大數因數分解,以及ECC為離散對數,這些都是量子電腦的強項,這代表密碼機制著實受到挑戰。在後量子密碼學的進程部分,美國預計2024年進行標準化。主講人表示對於能抵禦量子破密的密碼系統需求只會越來越迫切,各界宜及早起步並與國際接軌。
  Next on the schedule was the keynote speech. First, Mr. Liu Ding-chyu gave a presentation on "Q-Day: The Information Security Challenge Presented by Quantum Computers". Q-Day, according to the speaker, is the day when quantum computing capabilities advance to the point that the current global mainstream encryption technology, which has a key length of 2048 bits, can be easily cracked. The speaker proceeded to elucidate that quantum computers utilize qubits in a superposition state to process enormous data sets in a short time. There are symmetric and asymmetric variants of modern encryption. Integer factorization is an asymmetric variant of RSA, whereas discrete logarithm is known as ECC; both are advantages of quantum computing. This suggests that the cryptographic system has been challenged. The United States plans to standardize post-quantum encryption by 2024. The speaker encouraged people from all walks of life to connect with the rest of the world as soon as possible, citing the growing demand for cryptographic systems that can withstand quantum encryption.

  接著由國政委員洪啟東先生主講「氣候變遷與孤島效應」。主講人本次以大安溪流域城鎮為案例,說明在氣候變遷衝擊之下,城鎮的脆弱與調適機制。主講人首先提到大安溪上游城鎮有許多小型山區聚落將觀光做為主要經濟主體,這些以自然為導向的觀光地景,對於氣候變遷的影響更為敏感。這些相對偏遠的地區,當聯外道路、橋梁及通訊中斷,就會形成孤島效應。因此,主講人表示透過資料分析、田野調查及深入訪談,以各類脆弱度指標評估,並利用層級分析法(AHP)產出大安溪流域城鎮的脆弱地圖,進行地區的溝通與協調,使能凝聚社區意識、共同研擬防災、救災對策及減災措施。
  Next, Mr. Hung Chi-tung, spoke on "Climate Change and Islanding Effect". The settlements in the Da-an River Basin were used by the speaker as an example of how vulnerable communities are to the effects of climate change and how they have developed adaptation mechanisms. The speaker initially said that there are numerous small highland settlements in townships upstream of the Da-an River that rely on tourism as their primary source of income. These nature-based tourism attractions are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change. When connecting roads, bridges, and communication systems are disrupted, these relatively remote places will produce an island effect. As a result, regional communication and coordination, according to the speaker, can be achieved by data analysis, field surveys, and in-depth interviews, as well as numerous vulnerability indicator evaluations and the Da-an River township vulnerability map developed utilizing the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Community awareness can be acquired to jointly formulate catastrophe preventive, relief, and mitigation measures.

  接著由國政委員姚維正先生主講「AI在醫療的運用與展望」。主講人首先表示AI的演進在近十年以深度學習不斷突破與爆發性成長,深度學習的類神經網路,比起前代機器學習更有能力解決問題,如自駕車、Siri、 Google Translate等皆因此進展快速。主講人接著提到AI在醫療上的應用包含預防(基因、癌前病變)、診斷(影像、病理)、治療(證據醫學、精準治療)、感染控制(流行病學)及紀錄(電子病歷、護理紀錄)等,目前對於醫療龐大數量的影像、數據和繁複計算,AI輔助決策支援工具已實用化並精進中。而未來AI是否取代人工成為熱門話題被反覆討論,主講人認為應視工作性質和內隱知識而定,也可能礙於法律或文化,這部分留給大家思考。
  Next, Mr. Yao Wei-cheng, spoke on "Application and Outlook of AI in Medical Care". The first thing the speaker mentioned was how deep learning has allowed artificial intelligence (AI) to evolve and progress rapidly over the last ten years. As a result, deep learning artificial neural networks have made rapid advancements in machine learning, such as Google Translate, Siri, and self-driving automobiles, outperforming earlier generations in solving challenges. The speaker continued by discussing the uses of AI in medicine for infection control (epidemiology), diagnosis (imaging, pathology), treatment (evidence-based medicine, precision treatment), recording (electronic medical records, nursing records), and prevention (genes, precancerous lesions), among other areas. AI-powered assistive decision-making and support technologies are currently in widespread usage and are getting better at handling complicated calculations, vast amounts of data, and high-quality medical images. The question of whether AI will eventually replace human labor has gained popularity and is hotly debated. The speaker thinks that it will depend on the nature of the work, tacit knowledge, and possible influences from the law and culture, all of which are up to us to consider.

  演講完畢,黃晉英秘書長代表基金會致贈謝禮予主講人。接著在與會者紛紛利用「餵豬時間」提出個人意見與看法交流後,圓滿地結束一月份國政聯誼會。
  After the speech, Secretary General Huang Chin-ying presented a gift to the speakers on behalf of the foundation. Then, attendees expressed and exchanged their opinions and views during the piggy hour. The January Archilife Public Policy Communion ended smoothly.